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Hronology

 

 

1892

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien born, 3 January, at Bloemfontein, South Africa

1900

Begins to attend King Edward's School, Birmingham

1908

Meets Edith Bratt

1911

Formation of the 'T.C.B.S.' an informal club of Tolkien and his literary schoolmates; enters Exeter College, Oxford

1913

Awarded Second Class in Honour Moderations; begins to read for the Honours School of English Language and Literature

1915

Awarded First Class Honours; commissioned in the Lancshire Fusiliers

1916

Marries Edith Bratt, 22 March; in June, embarks for France; Battle of the Somme; in November, returns to England suffering from trench fever; begins to write his 'Silmarillion' mifology

1917

Birth of eldest son, John

1918

Joins the staff of the 'Oxford English Dictionary'

1920

Appointed Reader in English Language at Leeds; birth of third son, Christopher

1925

"Sir Gawain and the Green Knight" (edited with E.V.Gordon) published; elected Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford

1926

Meets C.S.Lewis

1929

Birth of daughter, Priscilla

1933

Tolkien, C.S.Lewis, and other friends begin to meet as 'The Inklings', to whom Tolkien reads his works-in-progress

1936

Delivers British Academy lecture, 'Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics'

1937

"The Hobbit" published; begins to write "The Lord of the Rings"

1939

Delivers Andrew Lang Lecture, 'On Fairy-Stories'

1945

Elected Merton Professor of English Language and Literature at Oxford; "Leaf by Niggle" published

1949

"Farmer Giles of Ham" published

1953

"The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth Beorhthelm's Son' published

1954

"The Fellowship of the Ring" and "The Two Tower" (vols.1 and 2 of "The Lord of the Rings") published; receives honorary degrees from thr National University of Ireland and the University of Liege

1955

"The Return of the King" (vol. 3 of "The Lord of the Rings") published; delivers O'Donnell Lecture, 'English and Welsh'

1959

Retires from his professorship

1962

"The Adventures of Tom Bombadil" and "Ancrene Wisse" published

1964

"Tree and Leaf" published

1965

Ace Books and Ballantine Books publish paperback edition of "The Lord of the Rings"; 'Tolkien cult' begins in the United States

1967

"The Road Goes Ever On" (with Donald Swann) and "Smith of Wootton Major" published

1971

Edith Tolkien dies

1972

Awarded C.B.E., receives honorary degree from Oxford University

1973

Dies, 2 September, in Bournemouth

1975

"Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Pearl, and Sir Orfeo" published

1976

"The Father Christmas Letters" published

1977

"The Silmarillion" published

1979

"Pictures by J.R.R.Tolkien" published

1980

"Unfinished Tales" published

1981

"Letters of J.R.R.Tolkien" published

1983-...

"The History of Middle-earth" published

 


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